Elastic tubing equipment and resistance bands have been used for almost a century as a fitness and rehabilitation tool around the world.
The first resistance bands were made from rubber surgical tubing in the early 1900s. They were used for body and muscle rehabilitation purposes. Resistance bands made an experiential leap in the mid 1990s when they became tools of more and more physiotherapists. In recent years resistance bands have grown to become global fitness tools used by professionals, in gyms and personally.
Bands brought a new freedom to total body fitness. Resistance bands are flexible, light, easy to carry and set up and inexpensive.
Resistance bands are used for rehab, kinetic and plyometric training with claims that they help fitness, strength, power and flexibility.
Resistance bands come in various thicknesses and lengths that providing different levels of resistance. They are usually color coded (49).
Increasing the thickness or length of the band increases the force generated allowing for programs to be developed that provide progressive variable resistance training. Bands are manufactured so that when they are stretched to twice their resting length they increase resistance by 20-30%. Moving to a thicker or shorter band (from one color band to the next) increases resistance (49).